Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a psychological illness that involves a number of challenging symptoms.
The main symptom of this disorder is a persistent pattern of instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and emotions. Those with the disorder can have negative and distorted views of themselves, along with feelings of low self-worth that can impair one’s relationships, performance at work, and personal life.
Because of strong negative feelings about oneself, men and women with borderline personality disorder might easily become argumentative, moody, impulsive, and adversarial.
They might display unpredictable behavior, act in compulsive ways, or display a variety of the following signs:
- Avoid real or imagined abandonment
- Have relationships that are unstable with significant idealization or devaluing
- Possess an inability to maintain a stable sense of self
- Display dangerous and impulsive behavior
- Engage in self-harming behavior
- Experience mood instability
- Chronically feel empty
- Cannot easily regulate feelings of anger
- Display signs of dissociation with reality
It should be noted that this disorder is a Personality Disorder type. Personality Disorders are mental illnesses that include deep-seated and long-lasting character traits. Borderline Personality Disorder tend to come with the patterns listed above, which can cause severe distress and lead to harm of self or others.
Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder
Some of the specific symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder experience include
- Risk-taking and reckless behaviors, such as sexual promiscuity, reckless driving, substance abuse, and overspending
- Difficulty maintaining healthy long-term relationships
- Intense and unpredictable moodiness
- Anxiety about being alone
- Suicidal thoughts
- Inability to change behavior, despite multiple attempts
Four subtypes of Borderline Personality Disorder include:
- Discouraged Borderline Type – People with this borderline type tend to be dependent, depressive, and avoidant. They might also display reckless or harmful behavior
- Impulsive Borderline Type – People with this borderline type might engage in thrill-seeking, flirtatious, and extreme adventure. They tend to pursue excitement and high energy activities. They seek to be the center of attention and tend to demonstrate enough allure to attract it.
- The Petulant Borderline – People with this borderline type tend to be overly unstable and unpredictable. They have extreme difficulty maintaining relationships, fear of disappointing others, and low levels of patience, frequently leading to angry outbursts.
- The Self-Destructive Borderline – People with this borderline type tend to be consumed with self-loathing. Their negative self-beliefs can lead to many punishing and harmful behaviors, including degrading sexual behavior, fast driving with no concern for safety, and other reckless behavior.
Borderline Personality Disorder Treatment
Borderline Personality Disorder Treatment involves addressing the mental and behavioral aspects of the illness. This is often done through specific types of therapy, such as Dialectical Behavioral Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. Nonetheless, treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder will frequently include long-term psychotherapy as well as medication. This combination of talk therapy and medication can help individuals return to normal functioning. Clinicians can facilitate the identification of certain harmful thought patterns and behaviors so that a person can develop new reactions to stress and triggers that might lead to risky behaviors. Therapy might also help to address underlying causes or belief systems that interfere with one’s functioning in life.
If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of a Borderline Personality Disorder, contact a mental health provider for assistance.